Liverpool is recognised as one of the UK’s major cities that has been home to some of the country’s most innovative industrial and cultural phenomena since the city was founded in 1207. Here are the defining features of Liverpool that cement its place as one of the UK’s best and most important cities.
Liverpool was the 2nd largest city of the British Empire after London and possessed the world’s largest harbour.
Founded in 1207 by King John, the city of Liverpool started as a borough comprised of only 7 streets. It’s a fact that the harbour was used to collect and deliver goods from all over the world including tobacco, fabrics, cotton and other raw materials.
Liverpool’s waterfront is a UNESCO World Heritage site.
This achievement was granted in 2004 by UNESCO to greater recognise the commercial port at the time when Britain was at its most influential in world affairs. The World Heritage Site runs through the Albert Dock and the docking complex and warehouses comprises the largest single collection of Grade A listed buildings anywhere in the UK.
Liverpool was the 1st English city to be awarded the European Capital of Culture in 2008.
This award is given every calendar year to a city to recognise its historical and cultural importance across Europe. Media coverage of Liverpool’s cultural attractions doubled during this time and generated £753.8m for the economy.
It’s the home of the Beatles!
It’s impossible to talk about Liverpool without mentioning the biggest phenomenon in music history. Known as the Fab Four, The Beatles are credited with changing the face of popular music and the fact that they are still to date the best-selling music artists of all time cements their legacy in Liverpool folklore.
It is the most successful footballing city in England.
England is known as a football crazy country, and nowhere is this truer than in Liverpool. Between Liverpool FC and Everton, the city has 27 League Championships, 5 European Cups, 11 FA Cups, 3 UEFA Cups, 6 League Cups and one Cup Winners Cup to its name. Both compete regularly in the Premier League and it’s a well-known fact that the Merseyside derby is known as one of the fiercest rivalries in English football.
Tourists bring £3.6 million of revenue to the city each year.
Liverpool is a hotbed of tourist attractions and the cities tourism industry employs around 50,000 people. The history and legacy of the Beatles, several art galleries, a fascinating maritime history and superb entertainment venues such as the famous Cavern Club are the main reasons why tourists find Liverpool such a great city to visit.
It had the world’s first ever passenger railway line.
In 1830, the railway opened which linked the North Western cities of Liverpool and Manchester. This was to provide faster shipping of raw materials between the port of Liverpool and mills of Manchester. The fact is it was the first of its kind and came complete with a timetable showed the cities great technological enhancements.
It has more museums and galleries than anywhere else outside London.
Liverpool has one of the most impressive collections of museums in Europe. The Museum of Liverpool was the 1st UK museum dedicated to the history of a city. The Albert Dock often houses many more museums, such as the Merseyside Maritime Museum and International Slavery Museum where more can be learned about the heritage of Liverpool as a port city. Tate Liverpool is the cities most renowned art gallery, featuring famous works by the likes of Tracey Emin all the way back to Picasso.
It is home to the largest cathedral in the UK and the 5th largest in the world.
The Anglican Cathedral was designed by Sir Giles Gilbert Scott in 1904. It has a monster bell known as “Great George” which weighs 15 tons, eclipsing even Big Ben in terms of size!
Some of your favourite films have been shot there!
Liverpool has had hundreds of successful films shot there and it’s a fact the city is recognised for having a superb filming industry. The Hunt for Red October, Sherlock Holmes, Captain America, Harry Potter and the Deathly Hallows, The Dark Knight and Fantastic Beasts to name a few have all been films in which Liverpool was used for filming. Interestingly, Liverpool has also doubled for other major European cities, such as Moscow, Dublin, Paris and Venice.
The Grand National takes place there every year.
The world’s most famous horserace is watched by approximately 600 million viewers at home and attended by thousands of punters in Aintree. The Grand National is one of the biggest yearly attractions that Liverpool has to offer.
Liverpool is a city brimming with history and character and one of the few places in the UK outside of London that can claim to be a truly international city. Tourists from across the world flock there every year and delight at taking in the cultural and historical attractions it has to offer.
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